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What Does The HGV Hazard Perception Test Look Like?

Being a HGV driver isn’t just a fantastic way to make money while on the road. It’s also a very skilled job – much more so than many people think! And one of the many things that makes it so skilled is the fact you need to be much more aware of what’s happening around you than a standard vehicle driver. This is because your stop zone is so much bigger, and your brake times slower, so you need to be able to spot hazards ahead of time so that you can react. That’s why there is a hazard perception test included in the HGV training programme – to make sure you have those skills as an almost natural response, and you’re ready to get on the road.  But before you jump in, you might want to know what’s involved in the test, and how it all works.


What is a Hazard?

We all know that hazards are on the road. If you drive any kind of vehicle, you will have gone through a hazard perception test to highlight this, and make sure you are aware of the road around you. In terms of driving, a hazard is defined as:

Anything that will cause the driver to change the speed or direction of the vehicle or stop it altogether.’

In everyday life there are all sorts of things that could be considered hazards, from a set of traffic lights, a small pothole in the road or even a bend (after all they cause you to slow down don’t they?). But these aren’t the sort of things you need to worry about in your hazard perception test. Instead, this test focuses on the kind of hazards that ‘develop’, and so have some kind of movement to them – like a bus pulling out or a cyclist on the road.

There are 3 stages to identifying these hazards within the test:

Potential Hazards: These are situations that could lead to a hazard, but haven’t yet impacted the driver in any way. You shouldn’t click now, and you won’t score any points if you do.

Developing Hazards: This is when the hazard seems like it will definitely affect the driver. This is when the scoring window for the test opens, and you should click to score points.

Actual Hazard: By this point, the scoring window has closed. You should have identified the hazard well before it became an actual hazard, and you won’t score any points by clicking now.


The Hazard Perception Test Explains

Hazard perception is only one part of your theory test – and it’s part 2! It’s an important process for you to go through to ensure you’re safe on the road, and in most cases it doesn’t need to interfere with your practical driving training. Most people can study for and take their theory tests while they are waiting for their provisional licence to come through, so as soon as you’re ready, you can get going.

In order to pass the hazard perception test, you need to score a minimum of 67 out of 100 points. The test works in the same way as the standard hazard perception test. Once you’ve had a demonstration of the equipment, you’ll be shown 18 video clips. Each clip contains 1 hazard (and 1 has 2, just to keep you on your toed), and all you have to do is click the mouse when you see a hazard. Nice and simple.

Some examples of the type of hazards you should look out for include:

  • Hidden junctions and turns
  • Pedestrians or cyclists crossing the road
  • Vehicles emerging from side roads, parking places or driveways
  • Large vehicles crossing over to your side of the road
  • Narrow roads where meeting other vehicles can be troublesome
  • Loose pets and farmyard animals
  • Changes in the traffic movement and volume because of temporary obstructions (like broken down vehicles or road works)
  • Junctions and roundabouts
  • Horse riders
  • Adverse weather conditions
  • Road surfaces
  • Parked vehicles
  • Driving in different weather conditions (fog, rain, snow, ice, or even strong winds)

In other words, if you would check your mirror or brake when you see it, it’s a good indication that you should click the mouse. Unfortunately, you won’t be able to review your answers for this set of the theory test. Once you’ve clicked the mouse, that’s it – no going back.


At The LGV Training Company, we believe in making sure you are fully prepared to pass your tests the first time around. Our team work closely with you to provide in-depth training and support, and will walk you through every element of the theory tests so that you are ready to pass with flying colours. If you would like to know more, please just get in touch with the team today.

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